A reliable communication is one of the most important elements on the battlefield to retrieve reconnaissance to direct effectors to the target or to coordinate with allies.
For international exercises German units often lie next NATO allies can eg see the US company, but do not talk to her. Often this is simply to equipment that is not interoperable. In addition there are restrictions imposed by the terrain and other natural boundaries (environmental influences). Ever since Ukraine and the NATO maneuvers Trident Juncture 2018 is clear, the potential opponents from the East has enormous potential for interference.
In the infantry was therefore increasing the use of the detector to walk again, the Navy returned flag signals and the light Morsen one. But age-old reliable methods. For the Very High Readiness Joint Task Force (Land) in 2019, VJTF (L) the army now leads the dispatch rider again. 9 to received the Panzerlehrbrigade in Munster end of March new off-road motorcycles (short motorcycles) and associated equipment for repair in the field. The new machines of the type BMW 850 GS are intended for the use of the so-called dispatch rider. At the official handing over 29 motorcycles and the "Workshop equipment if required for field-moderate repair" by the BwFuhrparkService GmbH (BwFPS GmbH) were the panzerlehrbrigade 9 - passed - which forms the core of the multinational VJTF (L). With further supplies the number will increase to 84th At the same time the new generation of vehicles IVECO could be visited in the variant FüInfoSys (truck t 1-3 and 3-10 t hümS) and the new VW Aries.
BMW GS 850 replaced Hercules K 125
Until the 90s, the army used the Hercules K 125 for their dispatch rider. Following but only as an interim solution (on an absolute burner) KTM LS 400 and BMW G650GS were temporarily as off-road motorcycles available. Now you bet on more modern vehicles from BMW with the type designation of the manufacturer BMW F 850 GS (GS off-road / road). Bundeswehr Internal referred this variant as a motorcycle gl (terrain).
Operating at the Bundeswehr motorcycles are classified service efficiently. All currently in use motorcycles are provided by the BwFPS GmbH. The application for the first 29 motorcycles gl for VJTF 2019 went early in 2018 when a BAAINBw and BAAINBw Abt. E3.2 (Project BwFPS) were passed. Unfortunately, some cliffs had to be adjusted procedurally before was gone into the procurement. In the army, there was at the time not a motorcycle, which met the requirements of the specifications. Finally, the BMW F 850 GS met most of the demands and was classified as of procurable. Within four months of the procurement could then be initiated.
Unlike the old Hercules, the BMW is actually too large, heavy and not designed for heavy terrain. The question therefore arises whether more comfort and ease of use rather than extreme off-road capability was important presents. As with all military projects, the specific capability requirements in terms of reference (LB) were displayed here. The demands were placed on the market and sought bids.
The BMW GS F 850 is driven by a water-cooled two-cylinder gasoline engine with 70 kW. The fuel is injected electronically and purified the exhaust gas over a catalyst according to Euro. 4 Of the 445 kg gross vehicle weight 216 kg can be used for payload. ABS, traction control and stability control increase driving safety. Due to the execution of suspension, tires and ground clearance for the bike road is suitable as for off-road driving. The top speed of the production machine is 200 km / h. The tank capacity of 15 liters allows (depending on driving style) a range of around 300 km. The price per machine is around € 15,000. The Bundeswehr pays a monthly rent for it.
In Germany, the motorcycles at the nearest BMW dealer to be repaired or performed the maintenance. For use a maintenance concept is currently being prepared. There are only minor damage be repaired in service resulting from off-road driving and taking place there falls. Otherwise, a reserve is carried. Major damage to be carried out at authorized dealers at home and abroad. The motorcycles are classified straight into the class commercial vehicles with military special equipment (hümS). Deallocation via the table of organization and equipment (STAN) of the troops. The contract runs for six years and 6,000 km per year.
The motorcycles will be procured commercially (jw) as BMW F 850 GS and olive foiled by the company INTAX in Oldenburg and shiny parts matte black enamel. Moreover, even cases (left and right) were installed. On weapons holder was deliberately omitted because there is no requirement on the part of the troops present. Therefore, for self-defense weapon is carried either on the back or side.
VJTF just the beginning
First 84 machines for the VJTF (L) be obtained of 2019. But little by little, all other military units are to be fitted. Pressing the BW driving school in Kümmersbruck and LogSBw in Garlstedt are currently equipped with the new Krädern. The military police (Figure) get this one special (authorities) model.
Currently, the old BMW G 650 GS will be replaced by the new BMW F 850 GS. The goal is the uniform motorcycle in this class. Unlike motorcycles for VJTF (L), the machinery for the Figure with authorities and facilities are not completely foiled in olive but silver-blue.
Brigadegeneral Ullrich Spannuth, Kommandeur Panzerlehrbrigade 9, sagte anläßlich der Übergabe der ersten Maschienen: „Die Motorräder werden die Führungs- und Kommunikationsfähigkeit unserer Truppe verbessern“. In der Panzerlehrbrigade 9 wird am Ende jede Kompanie über zwei Motorräder verfügen.
The BAAINBw says even the BMW F 850 GS (gl Krad) is too large (bench 860 mm), heavy (curb weight 229 kg) and motorized (70 kW / 95 hp). The top speed is 200 km / h. This raises the question, what alternatives would have given it up. In addition to the just-mentioned criteria, the situation of driving licenses in the troop should be a challenge, not many are likely to have the appropriate class A. Even the license alone is no ability to be good and safe in difficult terrain on the go. The first of the new dispatch rider have completed their training recently, but this is no more than a briefing.
Certainly there are smaller and easier to händelnde two-wheelers in the market. As an example may be mentioned only the ZERO electric bikes that move in the weight <150 kg and significantly less displacement and output (60 hp). They are also lower, can be used by smaller (female) drivers. The electric motor is encapsulated to make waterproof and also significantly less maintenance than regular motorcycles. But the charging infrastructure in the field or even in the camp is not yet available.
Auch andere zivile Zweiräder der „Krad-Klasse“ wären in Frage gekommen. So eine kleinere Enduro ist die Yamaha WR450. Eigengewicht <130 kg, max. Gesamtgewicht ca. 300 kg. Außerdem ist dieses Bike schon in der Bundeswehr in Nutzung, genauer gesagt beim Kommando Spezialkräfte. Aber die Forderung nach Straßenzulassung war hier erst nach einer Nachrüstung erfüllbar.
A very different way you could have gone with a smaller quad. Here, the car license ranges (Class B). For many untrained cyclists these four wheels are easier to drive, therefore offer greater security. Even more material and even lying wounded to be transported. If a fault develops, these vehicles can be towed easily. So the Guard Battalion favors such as a quad as future facilities.