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Based on the classic anti-submarine warfare of the Cold War, submarine hunting is not only developing due to the technological progress of the platforms, i.e. the submarine itself, its weapon and sensor systems and the possibilities of data processing and processing . In the 21st century, submarines are energy-efficient and self-sufficient weapon systems with the possibility of operating underwater for several months.

IIn a report to the Parliamentary Assembly of NATO, submitted in October 2019, an unusually unadorned assessment of the capabilities of the Alliance in anti-submarine warfare (ASW) is carried out. According to the report, NATO, deficient in its ASW capabilities, does not only have to face the specific threat posed by Russian submarines. It is also important to keep an eye on global developments. China and North Korea are mentioned by name. In addition to the "hard" threats, one would increasingly have to face asymmetric and hybrid ones. Such operations, which are classified in the specialist literature as “Seabed Warfare”, include, for example, measures against underwater cable networks.

The report makes it clear that Member States need to increase their investment in national as well as multinational ASW capabilities - if only to be able to perform the core tasks. And it gives an outline of the developments and trends in modern underwater warfare.

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