On September 29th, Vice Admiral Ahmed Khaled Hassan Said, Commander in Chief of the Egyptian Navy, christened “S44”, the fourth and last of the 209 / 1400mod- submarines ordered by the Arab Republic of Egypt, on the Kiel site of thyssenkrupp Marine Systems. Class. The ceremony took place in compliance with strict preventive measures on a small scale.
"S44" follows its sisters "S41", "S42" and "S43" which were delivered in December 2016, August 2017 and April 2020, respectively. The submarines of this type have a length of 62 meters and a diameter of 6.2 meters and a water displacement of 1450 tons, and 1600 tons when diving. Personnel: 30 crew members. Armament: six torpedo tubes. The HDW class 209 / 1400mod is the latest version from the series of over 60 units built or under contract (factory information).
Egypt has ordered three Meko A200 frigates from the Kiel company. According to a newspaper report from April 2019, the German government approved the delivery of the frigates to Egypt worth around 2.3 billion euros. The budget committee of the German Bundestag also approved this on April 3, 2019. According to reports from September 2019, Bremerhavener Stahlbau Nord is producing steel sections as a subcontractor for the construction of the Egyptian Meko. There is different information about the actual scope of the order. The Federal Government does not comment on this, citing a ruling by the Federal Constitutional Court of October 21, 2014 (BVerfGE 137, 185).
In addition to the German submarines and frigates, Egypt has in recent years bought the French Mistral-class helicopter carriers destined for Russia, and a FREMM-class multi-purpose frigate in France. The country on the Nile also ordered four Gowind-class corvettes there. The Egyptian Navy obtained a Pohang class corvette from South Korea and four Ambassador MKIII class patrol boats from the USA. In the summer of 2020 it was announced that Italy will provide (at least) two FREMM-class frigates to Egypt (ESuT reported).
Between 2015 and 2019, Egypt is the third largest arms importer worldwide after Saudi Arabia and India (source: SIPRI). According to the Stockholm Institute, Russia, France and the USA are the main suppliers.
Hans Uwe Mergener
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