Egypt has now received all four submarines of the 209 / 1400mod class ordered in Germany. The fourth and last - the “S 44” was handed over to the Egyptian Navy in these days by Thyssenkrupp Marine Systems. It has meanwhile left the shipyard and started its journey to Egypt. First it went through the Kiel Canal into the North Sea, where the “S 44” met the Egyptian Perry-class frigate ENS Alexandria, which accompanied the submarine on its way to Egypt.
The submarine was previously subjected to various thorough tests. The ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS) shipyard left it on March 17, 2021 for a two-day sea test. Drive and platform tests were carried out in the Bay of Kiel and Eckernförde. On March 22, 2021, the S 44 went to Norway together with its escort ship HDW Herkules to begin deep-water testing in waters off Kristiansand. Later it was tested in Eckernförde Bay whether the boat could dive well in shallow water. A port trial phase (at the pier) was also carried out.
The four submarines of the 209 / 1400mod class are intended to increase the defense capabilities and combat efficiency of Egypt. They serve maritime security and the protection of the Egyptian coasts. With this, Egypt also wants to secure its economic interests between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean.
The boat is 62 m long and 6.2 m in diameter and displaces about 1,600 tons under water and 1,450 tons above water. 30 people are required for operation. With their diesel-electric drive, the submarines can stay under water for a long time and can reach a top speed of 40 km / h (22 kn). In addition, the boats are difficult to locate due to their low signature.
The contract for the delivery of the first two submarines to Egypt was signed in 2011. In 2015, the government in Cairo decided on two more units. The first three submarines were handed over in December 2016 (S41), August 2017 (S42) and April 2020 (S43).
Hans Uwe Mergener and Christian Kanig