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In order to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, CO2 emissions in the energy supply must also decrease. Alongside hydropower, nuclear power is currently the only CO2-free energy source that can replace fossil fuels such as coal and gas in the base load supply. Therefore, international interest in technological advances in nuclear energy has risen again. Small modular reactors (SMRs) play an important role here, as there are specific options for ensuring safe operation. By definition, SMRs are nuclear reactors with electrical outputs of up to 300 MWe. In addition, work is also being carried out on micromodular reactors (MMRs) with an output of up to 10 MWe. Both SMRs and MMRs are currently in various stages of development.

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