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The Technical Center for aircraft and aerospace device of the German Federal Armed Forces (WTD 61) in Manching has been studied systematically with the introduced in the host micro UAV in the local area MIKADO potential and technical limitations and shortcomings of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAS). The aim of the studies commissioned by the Federal Office for equipment, information technology and use of the Bundeswehr (BAAINBw) is evaluating the system properties as a prerequisite for further development of existing and procurement of new systems.

The necessary tests on the proving ground files Moos has the WTD 61 carried out in May 2019 together with the Center for Aerospace Medicine of the Air Force. During the whole process of planning, implementation and evaluation, the test team including through the technology base camouflage and deception of the training center Munster and the Special Forces Command (KSK) was supported.

In various tasks both aeronautical handling of the aircraft, and the portability were tested over various obstacles and commissioning of the complete equipment and drones evaluated in parallel.

On an obstacle course, the operator had to transport the packaged device via terrain obstructions such as bumps, pits and gradients and unpacking at its destination and put into operation (incl. Small arms) with complete personal equipment. Here were weight, size and robustness of the filled transport container in focus, including the exposure limits for the soldiers and show the reliability of the device.

To determine the maneuverability of the UAS, there was a slalom course and several fly-through tunnel of half-open tents and camouflage netting. Here, the agility of the aircraft and the control performance of the pilots had an impact (controller of the unmanned aerial vehicle, ULfz-controller) on the performance of the system. We are looking for ways to improve system performance through technical changes as well as education / training of the pilots.

Another focus of the trial was the assessment of the reconnaissance capability of the system. For this was carried out by an experienced ULfz-controller, a specially elaborated "reconnaissance mission" and then evaluated. The task was to educate different targets in the visual and infrared spectrum by the UAS MIKADO and identify.

These goals were set up in various tactical situations. These included target operations in difficult terrain (eg. As meadow with tall grasses) and following building. This also heated targets used came and requirements to check the reconnaissance capabilities in the visual and infrared spectral regions.

The extensive experimental results show the strengths and weaknesses of the investigated system, consisting of aircraft, control and operator. In the evaluation of the results be generalized as far as possible and drawn up a list of demands for further development or future systems. The soldiers need winners will receive instructions for the creation of realistic military claims on unmanned reconnaissance systems. Thus, the systems for the increasingly complex demands in the inserts can be optimized.

Gerhard Heiming